Several organisations have their own mapping units that typically produce situation maps, both in the field and at headquarters. ERS should provide these units with specific maps and also with GIS-ready data for inclusion in an individual organisation’s situation reports. For these products, feedback from field operators is often essential to create a valuable product. Direct and close contact with the user is therefore important, and should be established via the Emergency Support Focal Point.
These products can be provided for all phases of the crisis cycle and will be usually delivered by the Emergency Support Service, except Refugee/IDP products and evacuation plans which are also available in the Emergency response phase (rush mode).
Hazard mapping products represent specific situations that pose a level of threat to life, the environment and infrastructure. The analysis is dependent on the threat, data availability and time, and may contain, for example, disaster prone areas, historical data, return period (or recurrence interval, an estimate of the interval of time between disaster events), geological features or hydraulic modelling.
Often, this information layer will be not provided as a separate map product but combined with another requested preparedness / prevention product.